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They are an abridgment and adaptation of the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England, and form the only doctrinal standard strictly binding on American Methodists.
Twenty-four of these articles were prepared by John Wesley for the Church in America and adopted at the Conference of Baltimore in 1784.
The sacrament is administered under both kinds to the laity.
The "witness of the Spirit" to the soul of the individual believer and the consequent assurance of salvation are distinctive doctrines of Methodism.
There is no room in Methodism for the rigorous doctrine of predestination as understood by Calvinism.
While the doctrine of justification by faith alone is taught, the performance of good works enjoined by God is commended, but the doctrine of works of supererogation is condemned.
It is therefore a state of perfectibility rather than of stationary perfection.
The first is the "Twenty-five Articles" of religion.
Only two sacraments are admitted: Baptism and the Lord's Supper.
Baptism does not produce sanctifying grace in the soul, but strengthens its faith, and is the sign of a regeneration which has already taken place in the recipient.
While the existence of purgatory is denied in the Twenty-five Articles (Article XIV), an intermediate state of purification, for persons who never heard of Christ, is admitted today by some Methodists.
In its work of conversion Methodism is aggressive and largely appeals to religious sentiment; camp-meetings and revivals are important forms of evangelization, at least in America.
No Methodist denomination recognizes a difference of degree between episcopal and presbyterial ordination.